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Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
قراءة تأملية في الموضوع الأول للامتحان الوطني 2010، مسلك علوم إنسانية

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
دليل تصحيح الامتحان الوطني 2010 ، القولة، الدورة العادية، الشعب العلمية

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
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Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
13

أهلا بالجميع

أقدم لكم فيما يلي عناصر الإجابة وسلم التنقيط الرسمية الخاصة بالموضوع الثالث / النص للامتحان الوطني 2010، الدورة العادية، الشعب العلمية والتقنية والأصيلة.

• النص:

« إن المعيار الغالب للحكم على أن الشخص هو هو، كما يرى الحس العام، هو استمرارية الجسد المادية عبر الزمن، وهو المعيار نفسه الذي نستخدمه للحكم على أن الدراجات الهوائية أو غيرها هي نفسها دون سواها. أما إذا تحدثنا بخلاف ذلك، فإن حديثنا سيكون على سبيل الاستعارة (كأن أقول مثلا أنا إنسان جديد)، فلو صح هذا القول لما كان بوسعي التفوه به. وحقيقة أننا نشعر أن هويتنا الجسدية عبر الزمن أمر معقد وأنها تتأكد من خلال المعرفة المعرفة الداخلية بماضينا التي تأتي بها الذاكرة. يجب ألا يثير دهشتنا على الإطلاق كون الذاكرة نفسها تتصل بالضرورة بأدمغتنا وبأجسادنا. وإذا كانت ذكرى الماضي قد سببها ما حدث لنا، أي ما حدث لأجسادنا وأدمغتنا، فمن غير المدهش أن استمرارية هذه الأجساد عبر الزمن يجب في بعض الأحيان على الأقل، أن يتأكد من خلال معيار الذاكرة.”

حلل النص وناقشه

• عناصر الإجابة وسلم التنقيط :

• النص:

- الفهم: ( 04 نقط )

يتعين على المترشح إدراك أن الموضوع يتأطر داخل مجال الوضع البشري، ضمن مفهوم الشخص، وأن يصوغ الإشكال الذي يعالجه النص المتعلق بهوية الشخص، ويتساءل عن الأساس الذي يضمن وحدة واستمرارية الشخص.

- التحليل: ( 05 نقط )

ينتظر من المترشح في تحليله الوقوف عند المفاهيم والأفكار التي تنتظم حولها أطروحة النص وحجاجه، والتي ترى أن أساس وحدة استمرارية هوية الشخص هي الذاكرة باعتبارها جزءا من الجسد (الدماغ)، ودلك في ضوء العناصر الآتية:
- الموقف العامي من تحديد هوية الشخص (استمرارية الجسد عبر الزمن)؛
- اعتماد النص على الموقف العامي لتأكيد استمرارية هوية الشخص في علاقتها مع وحدة الجسد؛
- القول ب “أني إنسان جديد” قول استعاري فقط، إذ لو كان حقيقيا لاقتضى الأمر انفصالا في هوية الشخص التي هي استمرارية ووحدة تتجلى من خلال وحدة الجسد واستمرار الذاكرة؛
- الذاكرة هي أساس الشعور بالهوية الشخصية، مادامت الذاكرة هي التي تقدم المعرفة؛
- الذاكرة جزء لا يتجزأ من الدماغ والجسد …

( يعتبر التحليل جيدا إدا كان شاملا للمفاهيم والقضايا المرتبطة بالموضوع )

- المناقشة: ( 05 نقط )

يمكن للمترشح أن يناقش أطروحة النص، اعتمادا على أطروحات فلسفية مؤيدة أو معارضة، وذلك في ضوء العناصر الآتية:
- مبدأ الوحدة بصفته مبدأ مركبا يجعل من الشخص هوهو داخل الزمن بفضل وعيه؛
- الأنا كأساس للوحدة أو الهوية الشخصية كما أن الأنا باعتباره شيئا في ذاته غير قابل للمعرفة وهو شرط كل معرفة؛
- ترافق الأنا المفكرة كل التمثلات وهي بالتالي مستقلة منطقيا عن هذه الأخيرة، إنها نظير الأنا المتعالية؛
- الهوية الشخصية تتمظهر من خلال ثلاثة أوجه: 1- الهوية الشخصية الفعلية، 2- الهوية المنبثقة عن التأمل المنعكس عن الذات، 3- الهوية المثبتة عبر شهادة الغير وحضوره؛
- أهمية بعد الإرادة في وحدة الهوية واستمراريتها …

( تعتبر المناقشة جيدة إدا كانت الإحالات و الأقوال والأمثلة المعتمدة متنوعة وملائمة للسياق )

- التركيب: ( 03 نقط )

يمكن للمترشح أن يخلص، من تحليله ومناقشته، إلى إبراز تعدد وغنى المعايير والأبعاد المحددة لهوية الشخص، وهو ما يحيل على نقاش فلسفي ميتافيزيقي مفتوح.

- الجوانب الشكلية: ( 03 نقط )

• مرجع النص: ميري ورنوك، الذاكرة في الفلسفة والأدب، ترجمة فلاح رحيم، دار الكتاب الجديد المتحدة، ليبيا، 2007 ص 108-109 (بتصرف )

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