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Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
تصحيح الموضوع الإنشائي الفائز بالمرتبة الثانية في مسابقة منتدى حجاج الفلسفية لسنة 2009 / صيغة النص

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
أهمية المفهمة في الإنشاء الفلسفي

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
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Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/0/h/chebba.hijaj.net/www/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
14

عناصر إجابة حول سؤال مفتوح مركب
يجمع بين مفهومي الشخص والغير

السؤال:

هل يتوقف وعي الشخص وتتحدد قيمته انطلاقا من نظرة الغير إليه؟

عناصر الإجابة:

1- الفهم:

- الإطار: مجزوءة الوضع البشري: الشخص والغير.
- كتابة تمهيد مناسب لموضوع السؤال يتضمن تبريرا كافيا لطرح الإشكال …
- صياغة الإشكال: يتضمن علاقة وعي الشخص بالغير من جهة وعلاقة قيمة الشخص بالغير من جهة أخرى. ولذلك يمكن طرح التساؤلين التاليين:
• هل يمكن للشخص أن يعي ذاته في غياب وجود الغير؟
• وهل الغير شرط ضروري لتحديد قيمة الشخص ؟ …

2- التحليل:

يجب تحليل مفاهيم السؤال والعلاقات الموجودة بينها:

• مفهوم الوعي:

وهو يحيل إلى:

- الوعي النظري: التفكير في الذات والعالم …
- الوعي العملي: تمظهر الذات من خلال إنجازات وإبداعات ملموسة من خلال الفن أو الشغل …
- الوعي الأخلاقي: مجموع المعايير التي تجعلني أميز بين الخير والشر … ( كريم، متسامح، وفي …)
- الوعي السيكولوجي: المشاعر والخبرات التي تجري في الجهاز النفسي … ( حب، كراهية …)

• مفهوم الشخص:

- الشخص ذات عاقلة ومفكرة (ديكارت): وهنا يمكن التساؤل: هل يمكن للتفكير أن يتم بمعزل عن الغير ؟
- الشخص هو الذات التي يمكن أن ننسب إليها مسؤولية أفعالها (كانط): هل يمكن الحديث عن المسؤولية في غياب وجود الغير ؟
- الشخص هو احترام كل فرد ومعاملته كماهية حرة (هيجل): وهنا يمكن القول بأن الاحترام والمعاملة يحيلان إلى مجال الأخلاق الذي يتطلب بالضرورة وجود الغير.

• مفهوم القيمة:

- هي الصفة التي تجعل الشيء مرغوبا فيه: وهنا يمكن التساؤل؛ هل يمكن أن نرغب في أشياء لا يكون الغير طرفا فيها ؟ ( هيجل: الرغبة في رغبة أخرى/الغير )
- ما يتمتع به الشخص من صفات تجعله أهلا للتقدير: وهنا يمكن التساؤل: ما الذي يجعل الشخص جديرا بالتقدير والاحترام ؟ وأين تتمثل قيمته ؟ وهل يمكن أن تكون له قيمة بدون وجود الغير ؟

• مفهوم النظرة:

يمكن أن يحيل هذا المفهوم إلى المعاني التالية:
- الحكم على الآخر انطلاقا من معايير محددة …
- الاهتمام بالآخر والحاجة إليه والرغبة في التواصل معه …
- يمكن للنظرة أن تكون إيجابية تعبر عن الإعجاب بالآخر وتقديره، ويمكن أن تكون سلبية تشيء الآخر ولا تعترف له بإنسانيته، وهذا يذكرنا بحديث سارتر عن النظرة واعتباره الغير جحيما ( الجحيم هم الآخرون).
لكن لنلاحظ هنا أنه بالرغم من اعتبار سارتر بأن الغير جحيما، فإنه يقر بضرورته بالنسبة للأنا ووعيه بذاته وهو ما يعبر عنه بقوله: < الغير هو الوسيط الضروري بيني وبين نفسي >.

3- المناقشة:

يمكن استدعاء أطروحتين أساسيتين:

أ‌- الأطروحة التي ترى أن الوعي ممكن دونما حاجة إلى الغير، وهي الأطروحة التي يمثلها بشكل أساسي ديكارت الذي أثبت وجوده بشكل حدسي ويقيني وفي عزلة أنطلوجية عن الغير…
ب‌- الأطروحة التي تقول بضرورة وجود الغير بالنسبة لوعي الشخص وتحديد قيمته.ويمكن أن نوظف هنا مواقف:
• هيجل: الذي انتقد ديكارت واعتبر الوعي غير ممكنا إلا في إطار علاقة الصراع مع الغير التي يتم من خلالها إثبات الذات …
• سارتر: الذي اعتبر أن الغير وسيط ضروري بين الأنا ومعرفته بذاته …
• غوسدورف: الذي بين أن قيمة الشخص الأخلاقية لا تتحقق في العزلة بل في أشكال التضامن والتعايش مع الآخرين …

4- التركيب:

ويتضمن:
- خلاصة تركيبية تنسجم مع ما تم تداوله في التحليل والمناقشة.
- سؤال مفتوح: يتساءل حول حدود الفكرة المتضمنة في الخلاصة ويفتحها على آفاق عقلية وفكرية أخرى.

دمتم محبين للحكمة

أضف تعليق.

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